Wild horses are a breed all their own. You may still occasionally hear them referred to as mustangs, but the accuracy of that distinction has been the source of controversy and debate within the world of wild horses, so it’s a term that’s primarily fallen out of favor among those in the know. Rather, wild horses are classified by their band (their family unit, which consists of one alpha stallion, multiple mares, and colts only until they are of age to survive on their own) and, like all horses, they’re identified by their coloring and markings, which can seem like a foreign language.
“If you’re not familiar with the equine world and the terminology, it can all sound like straight up gibberish,” Cheryl laughed. “I mean, sure you know black and grey, and you can take a pretty good guess at what chestnut probably looks like, but if you’ve never heard sorrel or roan or dun or dapple, you likely have no idea what to even picture.”
If you’d like a visual, a site called Horse Racing Sense has compiled a helpful and comprehensive guide to the 12 most common colorings, complete with photos and genetic composition and likelihood.